“Any man who keeps working is not a failure. He may not be a great writer, but if he applies the old-fashioned virtues of hard, constant labor, he’ll eventually make some kind of career for himself as a writer.” Ray Bradbury (1920-2012)
Photo by Alan Light
I’ve never been a fan of success seminars. For me at least, they’re a waste of money. Most attendees get excited and “pumped up,” ready to take on the world. Then, within days or weeks, this feeling abandons them and most return to their same old habits. I know, because that’s happened to me. It may not be true in all cases. However, I have a sneaking suspicion that in the majority of cases, it is.
The thing that’s helped me more than anything else in my writing career was what my father taught me: quitters never win. I’m thankful for this lesson. It’s seen me through many rough times in my life as well as in my writing.
To become a professional writer requires pit bull determination. So what if an editor or agent rejects our manuscript? That’s part of the business. Many famous writers experienced this: Isaac Asimov, Theodore “Dr Seuss” Geisel, Agatha Christie, Zane Grey, John Grisham, and Madeline L’Engle, to name a few.
Yet these authors and others, passionate about their craft, persevered. Whatever we do as writers, no matter how many times we get rejected—do not quit.
Let’s be honest. Rejection hurts. We pour our whole souls into a piece of writing, sweat over every word and phrase and clause and sentence and paragraph. Then we submit our story to an editor or agent. Weeks later, we receive a response: Thank you for considering us, but we cannot accept your story at this time because it does not meet our current needs. Ouch!
When we receive such responses, are we tempted to toss our hard work into the trash? Or delete it from our computer files? Or both? Don’t do it. Many of history’s greatest writers got them.
A Few Famous Writers and Their Rejections
John Grisham: His first book, A Time to Kill, was rejected 25 times before it found a home at Wynwood Press.
Madeline L’Engle: Her classic work, A Wrinkle in Time, won a Newbury Medal, Sequoyah Book Award, and Lewis Carroll Shelf Award, but publication didn’t come easily. After 26 rejections, Farrar, Strauss & Giroux published it.
Irving Stone’s bestseller, Lust for Life, suffered 16 rejections.
William Golding’s Lord of the Flies was rejected 20 times.
True, poor writing is one reason for rejections. Poor grammar, spelling errors, weak content and subject matter all lead to them. However, don’t take rejection personally. As we’ve seen from the brief list above, even the best written novels and stories get rejected. Editors and agents have other reasons for rejecting a manuscript, and these have nothing to do with the quality of an author’s writing.
Rejections are not a rejection of us. Harper Lee, author of the famous work To Kill a Mockingbird, once told Writer’s Digest magazine: “I would advise anyone who aspires to a writing career that before developing his talent that he would be wise to develop a thick hide.”
Other Reasons for Rejection
The publisher just purchased an article or book on the same topic.
The book’s subject isn’t marketable.
The writer didn’t follow the publisher’s guidelines.
The writer didn’t study the periodical publication or book publisher to determine its audience and the sort of things it needs.
The editor was sick, tired, or in a bad mood and thus, rejected everything that day.
Dust off your laptop, put fingers to keyboard, and go at it again and again and again.
Unfortunately, many young writers begin their careers dreaming of fame and fortune. Their book will become a bestseller, a movie, or maybe a play on Broadway. Alas, such things don’t happen for many writers. Most aren’t that well-known, but they are successful.
What do I mean by this? In writing terms, they have bylines, their names in print beneath the titles of their articles and stories in magazines, and on covers of books. Once beginning writers understand this, they’re less likely to give up. If a person possesses a small amount of talent, however, it can grow and flourish and he/she will enjoy seeing their names in print.
Now that I’ve defined success., look for future posts as I begin this new series.
Not all conflict has to be physical such as shown in this photo. But every scene must contain some kind of conflict. This photo shows the U.S. 23rd infantry in action in the Argonne Forest in World War One.
Scenes should be a mini-version of a novel. That is, they should have a beginning, a middle, and an end. The end of each scene should have a climax that hooks readers and leads them into the next scene.
Five Elements of a Scene
Point of View (POV): Write the same scene several times using different characters’ POVs to determine which POV is most effective. Once you make a determination, use that POV.
Purpose: A scene’s purpose should be to advance the plot or reveal something about a character. If a scene doesn’t do these things, get rid of it. Also, a scene must include action and begin in medias res (in the middle of things) and be able to stand alone.
In my Civil War novel Vengeance & Betrayal, one scene shows its hero, Danny, a ship’s boy serving officers in a naval vessel’s wardroom, getting mocked. The purpose for this scene? To show the prejudice of certain characters, because Danny is an escaped slave this ship rescued.
Conflict: Be sure every scene contains conflict, either internal or external, or both. The conflict must contribute to the plot or show us something about a character. Back to my hero, Danny.
When Danny is finally reunited with his wife, Nancy, after the battle of New Orleans, he discovers she’s betrayed him by marrying her master’s butler. Danny fights the butler and stalks off. This external conflict shows us Danny has a fierce temper, which further develops his character. Also, readers see his internalsuffering over Nancy’s betrayal. The reader is left to wonder: Will Danny forgive her for what she did?
Characters: How should readers feel about the characters in a scene? Should the reader be pulling for or against a character, sympathize with or loathe a character? Every character should evoke some kind of emotion in a reader.
Tension: Scenes should include tension. By the end of a scene, readers should be asking, “What will happen next?”
Sensory detail: Every scene should include sensory detail. Include as many of the five senses as possible. What a character sees, hears, touches, tastes, smells.
I hope everyone found this helpful. Meanwhile, keep on writing, friends!